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Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development

What is SMSC?

SMSC stands for spiritual, moral, social and cultural development. All schools in England must help their pupils develop in SMSC.

Spiritual Development

Students will:

  • Explore beliefs and experiences
  • Learn to respect faiths, feelings and values
  • Learn about themselves, others and the
    surrounding world
  • Use imagination and creativity
  • Reflect on what they learn about others
    and themselves.

Moral Development

Students will:

  • Explore how to recognise right and wrong
  • Learn about respecting the law and understand the 
    consequences of breaking it
  • Investigate moral and ethical issues
  • Offer reasoned views on moral subjects.

Social Development

Students will:

  • Learn to use a range of social skills;
  • Participate in the local community;
  • Discuss and appreciate diverse viewpoints;
  • Participate, volunteer and cooperate with each other
    and the community
  • Learn to resolve conflict;
  • Engage with Fundamental British Values

Cultural Development

Students will:

  • Discuss and appreciate cultural influences;
  • Recognise and understand the role of
    Britain's parliamentary system;
  • Participate in cultural opportunities;
  • Understand, respect and celebrate diversity.


 Fundamental British Values


The government is working with schools to promote four 'Fundamental British Values', which are defined as:

  1. Democracy
  2. The Rule of Law
  3. Individual Liberty
  4. Mutual Respect for and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs, and for those without faith

These values are over-reaching statements which can be developed and understood in many different ways. In order to develop our students and their understanding of these values we enable and encoiurage them in the following ways.

  • Enable students to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence
  • Enable students to distinguish right from wrong and to respect the civil and criminal law of Britain
  • Encourage students to accept responsibility for their behaviour, show initiative, and to understand how they can contribute positively to the lives of those living and working in the locality of the school and to society more widely
  • Enable students to acquire a broad general knowledge of and respect for public institutions and services in Britain
  • Further tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions by enabling students to acquire an appreciation for and respect for their own and other cultures
  • Encourage respect for other people
  • Encourage respect for democracy and support for participation in the democratic processes, including respect for the basis on which the law is made and applied in Britain
  • Encourage respect for other people, paying particular regard to the protected characteristics set out in the Equality Act 2010.


 For more information on these topics as laid out by the Government and Ofsted, the Ofsted School Inspection Handbook is available here or contact Energy Coast UTC at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Our SMSC policy is also available here.

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